Scenario of renewable energy transition from fossil energy resources towards net zero emission in Indonesia

Vicky Firmansyah, Made Krisna Adinarayana, Rizky Tetrisyanda, Gede Wibawa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


In 2011, Indonesia set a 26% reduction goal for greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 to mitigate the climate change. Based on data from BPS, Indonesia's renewable energy mix in 2021 is 12.16% with a target of 23% in 2025. This indicates that there are challenges faced by Indonesia in many sectors, especially the upstream oil and gas industry as one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases, in achieving the energy transition target. In this study, trend analysis and data forecasting were carried out using trend analysis of time series data on oil and gas energy supply and consumption data as baseline to propose scenarios for both consumption and utilization energy to achieve net zero emission (NZE) in 2060. This study found that NZE may be achieved by applying energy consumption scenarios including the use of electric vehicles by 10% in 2030, and 90% in 2060 and the use of electric stoves by 25% in 2030, and 90% in 2060. Renewable energy utilization scenarios include geothermal (50%), hydro (50%), mini hydro (50%), solar (80%), and wind (15%) of the existing potential. In addition, early retirement for coal-fired power plants is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04005
JournalE3S Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2023
Event9th International Conference on Climate Change, ICCC 2023 - Hybrid, Surakarta City, Indonesia
Duration: 27 Sept 202328 Sept 2023


Dive into the research topics of 'Scenario of renewable energy transition from fossil energy resources towards net zero emission in Indonesia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this