Principally, for a few decades, hydrographical surveys have been only to determine the depth of seawater. Sonar measurement tehcnology is the most widely used to conduct hydrographical surveys employing a singlebeam echosounder (SBES) and multibeam echosounder (MBES). In addition to depth information, seafloor sediment distribution maps are essential for port planning and management. In general, the distribution of seafloor sediments is predicted using backscatter data from SBES and MBES at single and multiple frequencies. The bathymetric data generated by the echosounder can be derived into several bathymetric features such as slope, ruggedness, roughness, aspect, bathymetric position index (BPI), and curvature. This study examines the possibility of using bathymetric measurement and bathymetric derivation of multi-frequency MBES to predict the distribution of seafloor sediments, especially in the harbor pond area. The study used a deep neural network (DDN) to classify the distribution of seabed sediments with bathymetric and bathymetric features input, validated with 74 in situ sediment samples (clayey sand, silt, sandy silt, and silty sand). Up to 75% of data sample sediments are used for training and 25% for validation. The classification results by DNN showed 42.6% clayey sand, 7.4% sandy silt, 46.7% silt, and 3.35% silty sand. The overall accuracy (AO) and Kappa classification of seabed sediments with DDN were 59.5% and 0.54 (moderate), respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012067
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event8th Geomatics International Conference, GeoICON 2023 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 27 Jul 2023 → …


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