Simulation of a Ship’s Block Panel Assembly Process: Optimizing Production Processes and Costs through Welding Robots

Sufian Imam Wahidi, Selda Oterkus*, Erkan Oterkus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Conventional welding techniques for complex structures often rely on human involvement, which can be prone to errors when deviations from the planned process occur. In contrast, robotic welding is highly precise and effective, particularly in the assembly of complex structures such as double-bottom ships. Therefore, this paper presents a comprehensive technical and economic analysis comparing robotic welding to conventional welding in the assembly process of a ship’s block panels. The study aims to evaluate and compare the strategies employed in robotic welding and conventional welding, with a specific focus on the ship double-bottom context. Furthermore, an economic value analysis is conducted to assess the cost effectiveness of each approach. The analysis reveals that robotic welding can achieve a significantly faster welding speed, completing the process approximately 3.85 times quicker compared to conventional methods. Moreover, the ratio of electricity and man-hours between robot welding and conventional welding is 1:2.75. These findings highlight the potential for cost savings by implementing robotic welding processes. The analysis reveals a significant difference in operational costs, highlighting the efficiency and cost effectiveness of robotic welding compared to conventional methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1506
JournalJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • block panel
  • robotic welding
  • ship production
  • ship structure
  • welding cost


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