Simultaneous extraction and separation process for coffee beans with supercritical CO2 and water

Siti MacHmudah, Kiwa Kitada, Mitsuru Sasaki, Motonobu Goto*, Jun Munemasa, Masahiro Yamagata

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this work was to develop a new process for extraction and separation of polar and nonpolar compounds from natural materials using supercritical CO2 (SCCO2) in water. In this work, chlorogenic acid and caffeine from coffee beans were used as model compounds of polar and nonpolar compounds, respectively. Extraction and separation were conducted in three types of semicontinuous extractors with different sizes and flow types of CO2 and water. The effect of temperature and pressure in the separation mode using SCCO2 in flow and water in batch mode has been reported. Recovery of caffeine in the SCCO2 phase increased with decreasing temperature and increasing pressure. However, only the increasing pressure could promote the increasing recovery of caffeine and chlorogenic acid in water phases. The change of height of the nonpolar recovery section on the recovery of caffeine and chlorogenic acid in SCCO2 and water phases and on the separation factor has been studied using SCCO 2 and water in co-current and counter-current flow modes. Recovery of caffeine and separation factor of caffeine from chlorogenic acid significantly increased with increasing height of nonpolar recovery section. The effect of temperature in counter-current type of separation on the recovery of caffeine and chlorogenic acid in SCCO2 and water phases exhibited different trend with batch type of separation. The counter-current type of separation was more effective compared to both batch and co-current types of separation. On the basis of the results of this work, it is suggested to design longer extractor columns with a higher nonpolar recovery section in the counter-current type in order to increase separation efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2227-2235
Number of pages9
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume50
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Feb 2011

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