Simultaneous removal of organic and nitrogenous compounds in mature landfill leachate by a hybrid electro-oxidation-dialysis (EOD) system

Arseto Yekti Bagastyo*, Fahrudin Sidik, Anita Dwi Anggrainy, Jr Lin Lin*, Lucky Caesar Direstiyani, Ervin Nurhayati

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Electrochemical process has been widely applied to eliminate recalcitrant contaminants (i.e., organic and nitrogenous compounds) in landfill leachate. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of a hybrid electro-oxidation-dialysis (EOD) system to minimize organic and nitrogenous compounds through a synergistic process of electrochemical oxidation (EO) and electrodialysis (ED) as well as the dissolved organic matter was characterized in terms of fluorescent component and molecular weight distribution. The EOD was carried out using boron-doped diamond (BDD) and Pt alternately. The results have shown that pH adjustment to acidic conditions is beneficial to EO. At optimal pH (pH 4), BDD-based EO is superior to removing COD and (Formula presented.) up to around 56% and 64%, respectively. During EOD process, the lower current density at 20.83 mA cm−2 is preferred for the recovery of nitrogenous ions (i.e. (Formula presented.) and (Formula presented.)), especially for BDD-EOD. In addition, the dominant humic acid-like (HAL) and soluble microbial products-like (SMPL) substances in the mature leachate are mostly degraded to smaller molecules from 105 Da to 103 Da in both EOD processes. Overall, BDD-EOD favours indirect oxidation and has a higher energy consumption efficiency than Pt-EOD induced by direct oxidation for simultaneous removal of organic and nitrogenous compounds. BDD-EOD requires a lower total operation cost of around $2.33/m3 compared to Pt-EOD. It is concluded that the hybrid BDD-EOD process is technically feasible as a powerful pre-treatment approach to mature landfill leachate for refractory organics degradation and nitrogenous nutrients recovery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)867-879
Number of pages13
JournalEnvironmental Technology (United Kingdom)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • Electro-oxidation-dialysis
  • ammonia recovery
  • leachate
  • molecular weight distribution
  • organic degradation


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