38 Citations (Scopus)


Atrous convolution and attention have improved the performance of the UNet architecture for segmentation purposes. However, a perfect combination of atrous convolution and attention to improve brain tumor segmentation performance is still an interesting challenge. In this paper, we propose UNet architecture with the addition of attention in the skip connection and the replacement of the processing block with two atrous convolution sequences connected to the attention unit combined with one residual path called the Multipath Residual Attention Block (MRAB). The architecture was trained using the Brain Tumor Segmentation(BraTS) 2018, 2019, 2020, and 2021 challenge datasets. The ensembled model was validated online and obtained dice scores of 77.71%, 79.77%, 89.59% for BraTS2018, 74.91%, 80.98%, 88.48% for BraTS2019, 72.91%, 80.19%, 88.57% for BraTS2020, and 77.73%, 82.19%, 89.33% for BraTS2021 validation datasets for Enhanced Tumor(ET), Tumor Core(TC), and Whole Tumor(WT) areas, respectively. These dice score performances outperformed state-of-the-art brain tumor segmentation architectures and promised to be developed for clinical application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3247-3258
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


  • Attention unit
  • Brain tumor segmentation
  • Multipath residual attention block
  • Single level UNet3D
  • atrous convolution


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