Abstract

Thermoelectric is a device to convert residual heat energy into electricity. Electrical and thermal properties of constituent material determine thermoelectric efficiency. One of metal oxides, namely zinc oxide (ZnO), is highly stable in a large temperature range, non-toxic, low cost and eco-friendly, has potential application as thermoelectric at high temperature. The aims of this study are to synthesize Zn0.98Al0.02O by coprecipitation method using ZnO and Al2O3 powders as raw materials, and to investigate the effect of sintering temperatures (at 700, 800, 900, and 950°C) on the electrical and thermal properties of the material. The sample products were analyzed by x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and energy dispersive x-ray (EDX) measurements to identify phase content, to observe particle morphology and to analyze distribution of elements in the sample, respectively. LCR meter was conducted to study electrical measurements of the samples. Further, thermal properties of the samples were analyzed by TGA measurements. The data show that Al3+ ions have been successfully doped into ZnO crystal lattice and they tend to increase the electrical conductivity of the samples. The sintered Zn0.98Al0.02O sample at 900°C has the highest conductivity value (4.53 × 10-4 S/m) compared to the others. It is relatively stable at high temperature, and thus, it can be used as one promising candidate for thermoelectric material at high temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Materials and Metallurgical Engineering and Technology, ICOMMET 2017
Subtitle of host publicationAdvancing Innovation in Materials Science, Technology and Applications for Sustainable Future
EditorsMas Irfan P. Hidayat
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735416406
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2018
Event3rd International Conference on Materials and Metallurgical Engineering and Technology: Advancing Innovation in Materials Science, Technology and Applications for Sustainable Future, ICOMMET 2017 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 30 Oct 201731 Oct 2017

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1945
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference3rd International Conference on Materials and Metallurgical Engineering and Technology: Advancing Innovation in Materials Science, Technology and Applications for Sustainable Future, ICOMMET 2017
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CitySurabaya
Period30/10/1731/10/17

Keywords

  • Coprecipitation
  • Sintering
  • Thermoelectric
  • ZnO
  • doping

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