Sonic Log Prediction Based on Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) Machine Learning Algorithm by Using Well Log Data

Abdul Hakam, Widya Utama*, Sherly Ardhya Garini, Omar Abdul Jabar, Alif Nurdien Fitrah Insani, Yudi Rosandi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Sonic log is an important aspect that provides a detailed description of the subsurface properties associated with oil and gas reservoirs. The problem that frequently occurs is the unavailability of sonic log data for various reasons needs to be given an effective solution. The alternative approach proposed in this research is sonic log prediction based on Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) machine learning algorithm, using available log data to build a reliable sonic log prediction model. In this research, the predicted DT log type is the Differential Time Shear Slowness (DTSM) log, which is the velocity of shear waves propagating in a formation. Log features used for training include gamma ray (GR), density (RHOB), porosity (NPHI), resistivity (RS and RD) logs with DTSM log as the prediction target. To optimise the performance and generalisation of the XGBoost algorithm in predicting log DTSM, hyperparameter tuning was applied using grid search technique to obtain optimal parameters for the prediction model. Based on the experimental results, this research found that hyperparameter tuning using grid search technique improved the accuracy of sonic log (DTSM) model prediction based on XGBoost algorithm, as proven by the decrease of RMSE and MAPE values to 19.699 and 7.713%. The results also pointed out the need for methods other than listwise deletion to handle missing values as an alternative to improving model accuracy. This research highlighted the need for continuous improvement in data processing methods and algorithm optimization to advance the application of machine learning in geophysical exploration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number09003
JournalBIO Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2024
Event4th Sustainability and Resilience of Coastal Management, SRCM 2023 - Hybrid, Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 29 Nov 2023 → …


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