Aging is a condition that occurs in human life. The process of aging is not a disease, but the advanced stage of a process that will be undertaken lives of all individuals. The aging process in the elderly can lead to physical, social and psychological changes. Weak physical condition, social economy less prosperous, and the emergence of a degenerative disease that can lead to decreased productivity, thus affecting social life, it is necessary to study the quality of life index of elderly global, urban and coastal communities in Surabaya to Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) approach. The results showed that the quality of life of the elderly in Surabaya, which is based on the physical health is fit model. The highest quality of life index elderly in some health centers, Siwalankerto for urban communities, and the health center Sidotopo Wetan for coastal communities. Physical health of elderly urban society strongly influenced by environmental factors with indicators availability of transport, feel safe in daily life, and the condition of the neighborhood, while coastal communities are very influenced by social relationships with indicators sexual life, personal relationships / socialand psychology with indicator enjoy life, have a feeling of loneliness and inability to concentrate. So that there should be dissemination of environmental factors involving the indicator for the elderly in Sidosermo health centers, and a factor of social relationships and psychological factors for the elderly health centers Tambak Wedi.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)926-938
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018


  • Environment
  • Index
  • Physical health
  • Psychological
  • SEM
  • Social relationships


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