Structure of Diethyl-Phosphonic Acid Anchoring Group Affects the Charge-Separated State on an Iridium(III) Complex Functionalized NiO Surface

Ruri Agung Wahyuono, Sebastian Amthor, Carolin Müller, Sven Rau*, Benjamin Dietzek*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cyclometalated Iridium(III) complexes, i. e. [Ir(C N)2(dppz)][PF6], bearing either two or four -CH2PO(OH)2 anchoring groups (IrP2dppz or IrP4dppz) are explored as photosensitizers for p-type dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC). The synthetic route is described and the iridium(III) complexes are characterized with respect to their electrochemical and photophysical properties. The modified anchoring ligand geometry exploited in this work not only alters the electronic nature of the complex (that is by destabilizing the LUMO energetically) but more importantly improves the grafting ability of the complex towards the NiO surface. The photoinduced long-lived charge separated state (CSS) at the NiO|IrPxdppz interface is of a different nature comparing the two complexes. For IrP2dppz and IrP4dppz the electron density of the CSS dominantly resides on the dppz and the C N ligand, respectively. The stability of the CSS can be correlated to the solar cell performance in NiO-based p-DSSCs, which yield conversion efficiencies which are among the highest in the class of iridium(III) complexes developed for p-DSSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)618-629
Number of pages12
JournalChemPhotoChem
Volume4
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cyclometalation
  • dye-sensitized solar cells
  • electron transfer
  • iridium
  • nickel oxide
  • photocathode

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