Studies of the effect of Hf doping on the electrochemical performance of C15 Laves type metal hydride battery anode alloys

Ika Dewi Wijayanti*, Volodymyr A. Yartys

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper focuses on the studies of the electrochemical performance of arc-melted Hf-modified Ti-Zr based AB2 Laves type metal hydride battery anode alloys with composition HfxZr24-xTi6.5V3.9Mn22.2Fe3.8Ni38La0.3Sn0.3 (x = 1–4). The phase composition and the morphology of the alloys were characterized by X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Metal-gas interactions and electrochemical performances were studied by building PCT diagrams and by electrochemical tests performed in a 9 N KOH electrolyte solution at ambient temperature when using the half-cells in a three-electrode assembly. All studied alloys were two-phase and contained the Laves phase intermetallics of C15 (major constituent) and C14 (minor constituent) types. An increase in Hf content caused a growth of the abundance of the C14 phase and was accompanied by a decrease in the electrochemical discharge capacities, exchange current densities, and H diffusion rates as compared to the Hf-free alloy. Among the Hf-containing alloys, an introduction of 2 wt% Hf into the alloy's composition resulted in a higher H diffusion rate, while the highest H storage capacity has been reached for the alloy with the lowest, 1 wt%, content of Hf. The surface of the alloys contained catalysing hydrogen exchange metallic nickel clusters with the highest enrichment observed for the 2 wt% Hf alloy. An influence of Hf on the hydrogen storage and electrochemical performance can be understood in terms of the modification of the intrinsic properties of the alloys following a substitution (Zr/Ti) → Hf as C15 type alloys show the fastest hydrogen diffusion rates while a gradually increasing content of the hexagonal C14 type in the Hf-containing alloys slows down the H diffusion process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106627
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
Volume60
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Battery anode alloys
  • C15 Laves type alloys
  • Electrochemical performance
  • Hf doping
  • Metal hydride
  • Ti-Zr multicomponent alloys

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