Study and Fabrication of Super Low-Cost Solar Cell (SLC-SC) Based on Counter Electrode from Animal's Bone

D. R. Fadlilah, M. N. Fajar, A. N. Aini, R. I. Haqqiqi, P. R. Wirawan, Endarko*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The synthesized carbon from bones of chicken, cow, and fish with the calcination temperature at 450 and 600°C have been successfully fabricated for counter electrode in the Super Low-Cost Solar Cell (SLC-LC) based the structure of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSC). The main proposed study was to fabricate SLC-SC and investigate the influence of the synthesized carbon from animal's bone for counter electrode towards to photovoltaic performance of SLC-SC. X-Ray Diffraction and UV-Vis was used to characterize the phase and the optical properties of TiO2 as photoanode in SLC-SC. Meanwhile, the morphology and particle size distribution of the synthesized carbon in counter electrodes were investigated by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Particle Size Analyzer (PSA). The results showed that the TiO2 has anatase phase with the absorption wavelength of 300 to 550 nm. The calcination temperature for synthesizing of carbon could affect morphology and particle size distribution. The increasing temperature gave the effect more dense in morphology and increased the particle size of carbon in the counter electrode. Changes in morphology and particle size of carbon give effect to the performance of the SLC-SC where the increased morphology's compact and particle size make decreased in the performance of the SLC-SC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012019
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 9 May 2018
Event2017 International Conference on Theoretical and Applied Physics, ICTAP 2017 - Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 6 Sept 20178 Sept 2017


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