Study of composition of the aqueous ethanol-kerosene in a single phase

H. F. Sangian*, N. Rawung, G. Pasau, Gerald Tamuntuan, S. H. Tongkukut, A. As'Ari, M. D. Bobanto, D. P. Pandara, A. Tanauma, F. Ferdy, H. S. Kolibu, V. A. Suoth, F. S. Sagai, C. Wuwungan, H. I.R. Mosey, Messiah C. Sangian, R. Purwadi, Z. Zulnazri, A. Tuhuloula, R. ThahirT. Sriana, Z. Furqon, S. Y. Agnesty, Tri Dianpalupidewi, Arif Nurrahman, Hans F. Wowor, Arief Widjaja

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Herein, a brief report of some new blended fuels, one-phase aqueous kerosene-alcohol mixtures, and their compositions is conducted. The procedures of the work were the preparation of ethanol, the separation of kerosene components employing a simple distillation, and the blending process. It was obtained that aqueous ethanol with concentrations of 94 - 98 % could be blended with kerosene to form a single phase. Before mixing, kerosene should be treated or separated thermally based on the boiling temperatures of the component. The process for blending the kerosene and ethanol is described. The compositions of the kerosene and aqueous ethanol blends are presented in the form of tables and triangular graphs. It was measured that the composition of kerosene, pure ethanol, and water in a stable emulsion was 1:4.68:0.19 (in V) in which kerosene was separated at temperature 192 - 198 °C and purity ethanol was 95 % compared to that 1:1.52:0.05 for ethanol 98 % with similar temperature range and the rest of compositions of different temperature range and ethanol concentrations are presented. By adding aqueous ethanol after a stable emulsion was reached, it did not occur a phase separation. Ethanol could be acting as a surfactant that bound the kerosene forming a single phase.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2nd International Conference on Natural Sciences, Mathematics, Applications, Research, and Technology, ICON-SMART 2021
Subtitle of host publicationMaterials Science and Bioinformatics for Medical, Food, and Marine Industries
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735444614
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Apr 2023
Externally publishedYes
Event2nd International Conference on Natural Sciences, Mathematics, Applications, Research, and Technology: Materials Science and Bioinformatics for Medical, Food, and Marine Industries, ICON-SMART 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 21 Oct 202122 Oct 2021

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2694
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference2nd International Conference on Natural Sciences, Mathematics, Applications, Research, and Technology: Materials Science and Bioinformatics for Medical, Food, and Marine Industries, ICON-SMART 2021
CityVirtual, Online
Period21/10/2122/10/21

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