Study on formalization of oil palm trunk modified by melamine formaldehyde

Tetti Novalina Manik, Mashuri, Darminto*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Structure, composition and water content of an oil palm wood influence its dynamic-mechanical properties. These are very important to be studied in relation to wood applications. The quality of oil palm wood can be improved through chemical modification, that is by formalization treatment in acid and alkaline conditions followed by an impregnation process using melamine formaldehyde. Variation of formalization time and curing temperature after impregnation on samples were investigated. Based on physical properties and FTIR characterizations, the modification in alkaline conditions is better than that in acidic conditions. The modification in alkaline condition can reduce the water content and increase the density of samples better than those in the acidic condition. The FTIR spectra also evidence this, there are emerging the new functional group and a shift in wave numbers on FTIR spectra with strong absorption peak for the samples after modification.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFunctional Properties of Modern Materials II
Editors Darminto, Budhy Kurniawan, Risdiana, Isao Watanabe, Agustinus Agung Nugroho
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9783035714968
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event4th International Conference on Functional Materials Science, ICFMS 2018 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 13 Nov 201815 Nov 2018

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume966 MSF
ISSN (Print)0255-5476
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9752


Conference4th International Conference on Functional Materials Science, ICFMS 2018


  • Acidic
  • Alkaline
  • Formalization
  • Oil palm trunk


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