Most fishermen have low wages and tend to have fewer opportunities to live properly. Consequently, fishermen settlements are often gentrified in urban development, especially in developing countries. Indonesia, one of the developing countries with the longest inhabited coastline, has recently encountered this problem. The sustainable solutions needed to preserve their culture should be implemented while improving the environment. Therefore, it is necessary to develop the concept of sustainable development for fishermen settlement that would be based on local maritime culture. Culture is highlighted because of its roles to drive the surrounding environment for quality improvement in fishermen settlement. To explore sustainable culture especially maritime culture in fishermen context some guiding variables are needed. The aim of this research is to indicate how culture supports the sustainable development concept in fishermen settlement. The method used in this research is exploring theories by descriptive qualitative analysis. By using the theory of culture in sustainable development, the paper assessed maritime culture and settlement. The result of this paper is that culture is a guiding variable in the sustainable development of fishermen settlement, which consists of five layers of cultural aspects, detailed in the maritime culture. This variable can be used in further research on fishermen settlement based on cultural aspects.
- Culture-based sustainable development
- Fishermen settlement
- Marine livelihood