Swappable Battery Innovation as a Drone Frame Structure with Purpose to Increasing the Flight Time Duration

Muhammad Haekal Shafi, Valiant Tirta Amarta, Ferdina Ramadhansyah, Puguh Pambudi, Alief Wikarta*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


The drone technology development as a mapping tool for the agricultural land resource development, taking some aerial photography, infrastructures monitoring, and air patrols by the authorities (police, army) are growing rapidly. However, in existing drones, there are weaknesses in terms of short flight durations so that they are less efficient and effective in their use. The limited duration of the flight will affect the distance of the drone’s flying range and the drone’s speed performance. Therefore, this study aims to create a drone with a swappable battery innovation that utilizes batteries as a short battery replacement and increases the number of batteries installed on the drone so that the flight time automatically increases. This study considers making the battery as the main-frame structure and combines it with 3D printing the drone’s bodies. The results of the swappable battery innovation in this study is the drone prototype with 236.16 Wh energy and 4s4p configuration. The flight time is calculated by a theoretical and actual method. The theoretical method estimated the flight duration through battery voltage, the thrust required, drone dimensions, and drone speed. From the actual method, it is obtained that the use of swappable battery innovation as a drone frame structure can increase the battery capacity of a drone up to four times and flight duration by 2.4 times.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRecent Advances in Renewable Energy Systems - Select Proceedings of ICOME 2021
EditorsMohan Kolhe, Aziz Muhammad, Abdel El Kharbachi, Tri Yogi Yuwono
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9789811915802
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event5th International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, ICOME 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 25 Aug 202126 Aug 2021

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Electrical Engineering
ISSN (Print)1876-1100
ISSN (Electronic)1876-1119


Conference5th International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, ICOME 2021
CityVirtual, Online


  • Drone
  • Flight time
  • Swappable battery


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