Synergistic interaction of a consortium of the brown-rot fungus Fomitopsis pinicola and the bacterium Ralstonia pickettii for DDT biodegradation

Adi Setyo Purnomo*, Atmira Sariwati, Ichiro Kamei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1,1,1-Trichloro-2,2-bis (4-chlorophenyl) ethane (DDT) is a toxic and recalcitrant pesticide that has been greatly used to eradicate malaria mosquitos since the 1940s. However, the US Environmental Protection Agency banned and classified DDT as priority pollutants due to its negative impact on wildlife and human health. Considering its negative effects, it is necessary to develop effective methods of DDT degradation. A synergistic interaction of a consortium consisting of the brown-rot fungus Fomitopsis pinicola and the bacterium Ralstonia pickettii was adopted to degrade DDT. For the microbial consortia, F. pinicola was mixed with R. pickettii at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10 ml (1 ml ≈ 1.44 × 1013 CFU) in a potato dextrose broth (PDB) medium to degrade DDT throughout the seven days incubation period. The degradation of DDT by only the fungus F. pinicola was roughly 42%, while by only R. pickettii was 31%. The addition of 3 ml of R. pickettii into F. pinicola culture presented appropriate optimization for efficient DDT degradation at roughly 61%. The DDT transformation pathway by co-inoculation of F. pinicola and R. pickettii showed that DDT was converted to 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl) ethane (DDD), further transformed to 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl) ethylene (DDE), and then ultimately transformed to 1-chloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl) ethylene (DDMU). These metabolites are less toxic than DDT. This research showed that R. picketti synergistically interacts with F. pinicola by enhancing DDT degradation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere04027
JournalHeliyon
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Biodegradation
  • Biotechnology
  • DDT
  • Environmental chemistry
  • Environmental pollution
  • Fomitopsis pinicola
  • Microbial biotechnology
  • Microbial consortium
  • Microbiology
  • Microorganism
  • Pesticide
  • Ralstonia pickettii
  • Synergistic

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