Synthesis of B2O3-added zircon ceramics using an arch plasma sintering (APS) technique

R. Fitria, F. Su'udi, M. Musyarofah, S. Pratapa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Synthesis of zircon solid ceramics with the addition of B2O3 as a sintering agent has been carried out using the Arch Plasma Sintering (APS) method. The raw zircon powder was prepared from local zircon sand. The zircon and the B2O3 powders were milled for 1 hour at a speed of 150 rpm. The amount of B2O3 was varied at 0, 3, and 6 wt%. The conditions of the APS sintering included a current of 60 A and a holding time of 8 minutes, where the plasma was exposed only on one side of the samples. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques were used to characterize the phase and microstructure, while the Archimedes method was used as a principle for measuring density. The XRD data analysis showed that monoclinic zirconia was found in the ceramic samples without the addition of B2O3, while those with B2O3 were able to retain the single zircon phase. The micrographic observations using SEM showed that the B2O3-added samples had a higher density level as compared to those without B2O3 addition. The highest density was achieved by the 6 wt.% sample which was as high as 4.3 gr/cm3 or 93.5% theoretical density. The latter sample would be a potential material for lithium battery applications when a conductive layer such as carbon is introduced.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Frontier of Applied Physics, ISFAP 2019
EditorsMuhandis Shiddiq, Andri Hardiansyah, Witha Berlian Kesuma Putri, Yuliati Herbani, Edi Kurniawan, Deni Khaerudini, Ahmad Nugraha, Syuhada Syuhada, Hamzah Fauzi, Abdulloh Rifai, Edi Suprayoga, Anggito Tetuko, Toto Sudiro
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735420168
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sept 2020
Event5th International Symposium on Frontier of Applied Physics, ISFAP 2019 - Tangerang Selatan, Indonesia
Duration: 23 Oct 201924 Oct 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2256
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference5th International Symposium on Frontier of Applied Physics, ISFAP 2019
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityTangerang Selatan
Period23/10/1924/10/19

Keywords

  • APS
  • BOAddition
  • Bulk Density
  • Zircon Ceramics
  • Zircon Decomposition

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Synthesis of B2O3-added zircon ceramics using an arch plasma sintering (APS) technique'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this