Synthesis of nano-forsterite powder by making use of natural silica sand

Upik Nurbaiti, Fikriyatul Azizah Suud, Darminto, Triwikantoro, Mochamad Zainuri, Suminar Pratapa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Nano-forsterite powder with natural silica sand and magnesium powder as the raw materials have been succesfully synthesized. The silica sand was purified followed by a coprecipitation process to obtain colloidal silica. The magnesium powder was dissolved in a chloric acid solution to obtain MgCl2 solution. The nanoforsterite powder was synthesised using a sol-gel method which included the mixing the colloidal silica and the MgCl2 solution with various aging and filtering processes. The samples were dried at 100 °C using a hot plate and then the dried powders were calcinated at 900 °C for 2 hours. The samples were characetised for their elements and phase compositions using X-ray Flourescence (XRF) and X-ray Diffraction (XRD) methods, respectively. The diffraction data were qualitatively analyzed using Match!2 software and quantitatively using Rietica software. The crystallite size was verified using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). Results of XRD data analysis showed that the forsterite content reached up to 90.5% wt. The TEM average crystallite size was approximately 53(6) nm.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication6th Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Symposium, NNS 2015
EditorsAdrian Nur, Fitria Rahmawati, Agus Purwanto, Endah Retno Dyartanti, Arif Jumari
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735413573
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2016
Event6th Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Symposium, NNS 2015 - Surakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 4 Nov 20155 Nov 2015

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616


Conference6th Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Symposium, NNS 2015


  • MgCl
  • Nano-forsterit
  • aging
  • natural silica sand
  • sol-gel process


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