Synthesis of nanocellulose composite membrane and its properties for direct methanol fuel cell

Arif Priyangga, Agung B. Pambudi, Lukman Atmaja*, Juhana Jaafar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Nanocellulose (NC) composite membrane was successfully synthesized by phase inversion method and investigated its properties for direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC). The 2 wt% phosphotungstic acid (PTA) and 5 wt% imidazole (Im) have been added into the pristine NC membrane and characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), x-ray diffraction (XRD), and particle size analyzer (PSA). PSA analysis is applied to investigate the distribution of nanocellulose particle. The particle size of nanocellulose was obtained at 88.79 nm. Its properties showed that the highest proton conductivity is obtained by NC/Im membrane at 14.98 by NC/PTA, NC/Im/PTA, and pristine NC membrane which achieved the proton conductivity at 13.17, 6.34, and 5.32 Furthermore, the membrane selectivity of NC/Im membrane reached 2.00 × also the highest value among the other membranes. The composite membranes were showed an improvement of ion exchange capacity (IEC) and water uptake value in comparison with pristine NC membrane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1998-2003
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Today: Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event2020 Regional Congress on Membrane Technology, RCOM 2020 and Regional Conference Environmental Engineering, RCEnvE 2020 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 26 Aug 202027 Aug 2020


  • Composite membrane
  • Direct methanol fuel cell
  • Imidazole
  • Nanocellulose


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