System of gender identification and age estimation from radiography: a review

Nur Nafi’iyah, Chastine Fatichah*, Darlis Herumurti, Eha Renwi Astuti, Ramadhan Hardani Putra, Esa Prakasa, Yosi Kristian

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Under extreme conditions postmortem, dental radiography examinations can play an essential role in individual identification. In forensic odontology, individual identification traditionally compares antemortem dental records radiographs with those obtained on postmortem examination. As such, these traditional methods are vulnerable to oversights or mistakes in the individual identification of unidentified bodies. Digital technology can develop forensic odontology well. An automatic individual identification system is needed to support the forensic odontology process more easily and quickly because there are still opportunities to be created. We aimed to review the complete range of recent developments in identifying individuals from panoramic radiographs. We study methods in gender identification, age estimation, radiographic segmentation, performance analysis, and promising future directions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5491-5500
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023


  • Age estimation
  • Dental radiography
  • Gender identification
  • Identification system
  • Panoramic radiography
  • Segmentation


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