Abstract

Fibers from the culms of Bambusa arundinacea and Dendrocalamus asper were extracted mechanically and chemically treated using alkaline solution. Tensile and thermal properties of both bamboo fibers were examined. Tensile test on the bamboo fibers showed that Bambusa arundinacea fibers have higher strength and stiffness yet lower elongation than Dendrocalamus asper fibers. When the fibers were chemically treated, similar trend on tensile properties was observed but at lower magnitude compared to those shown by untreated fibers. Further characterization revealed that Bambusa arundinacea fibers are of higher fiber diameter and higher cellulose content compared to Dendrocalamus asper fibers. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that both fibers with same treatment have similar thermal stability, with chemically treated fibers are of higher thermal stability than untreated ones. The chemical treatment removed the lignin from the fiber structure, and affected tensile and thermal properties of both bamboos' fibers.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMaterials, Industrial, and Manufacturing Engineering Research Advances 1.1
Pages237-240
Number of pages4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event1st International Materials, Industrial, and Manufacturing Engineering Conference, MIMEC 2013 - Johor Bahru, Malaysia
Duration: 4 Dec 20136 Dec 2013

Publication series

NameAdvanced Materials Research
Volume845
ISSN (Print)1022-6680

Conference

Conference1st International Materials, Industrial, and Manufacturing Engineering Conference, MIMEC 2013
Country/TerritoryMalaysia
CityJohor Bahru
Period4/12/136/12/13

Keywords

  • Bamboo
  • Cellulose
  • Fiber
  • Tensile properties

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