A container terminal is a facility used to collect containers from the hinterland and ports for distribution to the end destination. Based on these essential functions, container terminals often reflect the economic conditions in a country. Many studies have recently examined the use of business impact analysis (BIA) when disruption happens at a container terminal. In sustainability and business impact research, the economy is one of the prioritized aspects of impact analysis. The impact related to the economic aspect is generally caused by disruptions resulting from natural disasters, pandemics, and human activities (terrorists, labor issues, and lockouts). Until this article was conducted, there was still little literature explaining the business impact analysis procedures with case studies of disruptions in container terminals related to operational constraints. This paper aims to provide a perspective in deepening and adapting the BIA procedure initially general into an analysis that can be applied to the container terminal business. This paper takes a case study of BIA in a container terminal caused by electrical disruption. Based on the research, six categories of disruption became a concern when the port’s electricity supply stopped, i.e., decreased productivity, economic loss, reduced employee productivity, decreased numbers of customers, a decline in company reputation, and wasted energy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12038
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2021


  • Business continuity management
  • Business impact analysis
  • Container terminal
  • Electrical disruption
  • Maritime sector
  • Risk assessment


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