The effect of air quality on the incidence of acute respiratory infection (Ari) in pontianak city

Rurika Widya Ningrum Palureng, Arie Dipareza Syafei, Abdu Fadli Assomadi, Rachmad Boedisantoso, Joni Hermana, Wayan Suparta*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The Regional Health Office of Pontianak City stated that in 2017, acute respiratory infection (ARI) was the most common disease in the community with 83,128 cases, highest incindence in West Kalimantan. Air is the transmission medium of ARI. The incidence of ARI increases with population growth which can be a source of air pollution due to the many activities. This study aimed to determine the effect of air quality and the effect of the season on the incidence of ARI disease in Pontianak and policies that can be established by relevant government agencies to deal with ARI. The research used secondary data, consisted of air quality and ARI incidence data. The determination was analyzed using multiple linear regression statistical methods using the RStudio software application. The results found that air quality affected 46.71% of the ARI incidence in Pontianak. Influential pollutants are NO2, SO2, and CO2. Analysis of the effect of the season showed that the air quality during the rainy season affected 65.76%, while in the dry season affected 22.67% of the ARI incidence in Pontianak. So to reduce the incidence of ARI in Pontianak, the action that we can take is by improving the air quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-28
Number of pages10
JournalGeographia Technica
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020


  • Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI)
  • Air quality
  • Multiple linear regression
  • RStudio


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