The effect of SiO2 on phosphate and ammonium recovery from fertilizer wastewater

Idaa Warmadewanthi*, Adinda Larasati

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Phosphate and ammonium recovery from wastewater could produce magnesium ammonium phosphate (MAP). Several previous studies have found that precursor ions have an impact on MAP formation, such as the presence of calcium, sulfate, fluoride, and other ions. The wastewater from the petrochemical industry that mainly produces fertilizer contains a high concentration of ammonium, phosphate, and silica. This study aims to determine the effect of silica on MAP precipitation. The batch system used a jar test at an optimum speed of 158 rpm for 60 min. MgCl2 was used as a precipitation agent. Synthetic wastewater with a [Mg]/[NH4–N]/[PO4] and [SiO2] ratio was predicted using the PHREEQC model. The pH variations of the sample were 8, 8.5, and 9. SiO2 concentration varied in the range of 20–1000 mg/L. The parameters measured were pH, silica, phosphate, ammonium, and magnesium concentration, and MAP morphology. MAP precipitation has an impact on increasing the concentration of silica in wastewater. Recovery of phosphate and ammonium reduction reached 20% and 10%, respectively, with the concentration of silica of 1000 mg/L at pH 9 ± 0.2. The morphology of MAP as analyzed by SEM and XRD shows that silica has an impact on the purity of the MAP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4781-4791
Number of pages11
JournalResearch on Chemical Intermediates
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Ammonium
  • Magnesium
  • Phosphate
  • Silica


Dive into the research topics of 'The effect of SiO2 on phosphate and ammonium recovery from fertilizer wastewater'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this