Light naphtha is not reliable used as automotive fuel because of its low octane number (RON) and high vapor pressure. To utilize light naphtha as fuel, blending process may be used to obtain usable gasoline fuel. Diethyl carbonate (DEC) can be used as blending agent with light naphtha because its high octane number and low vapor pressure. Therefore in this work, the vapor pressure and octane number (RON) of DEC-light naphtha blends were measured to study the effect of DEC in light naphtha blending. The vapor pressure measurements show that vapor pressure of DEC-light naphtha blends decreased while the DEC fraction increased. The pseudo binary analysis approachment was used to correlate the vapor pressure experimental data and predict the vapor pressure of light naphtha + DEC blends. The Wilson and nonrandom two-liquid (NRTL) model are giving good correlation and prediction result with average absolute deviation (AAD) less than 1.3% meanwhile the Hildebrand & Scatchard model give quietly poor result with AAD value of 4.4%. The RON measurements show that the RON values of the blends increased while the DEC fraction increased. The DEC is successfully used as blending agent into light naphtha with 30% v/v optimum fraction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012057
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event1st International Symposium of Indonesian Chemical Engineering, ISIChem 2018 - West Sumatra, Indonesia
Duration: 4 Oct 20186 Oct 2018


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