This study was conducted as a part of a research to assess the influence of the volumetric properties of geopolymer artificial aggregates made of fly ash to the performance of asphalt mixture to be used in pavement layers. This paper presents the parameters adopted during the production of geopolymer artificial aggregates which may affect the volumetric properties and the structure of the aggregates. The investigated volumetric properties included specific gravity and water absorption. In the experiment laboratory, two variables were utilized for producing the artificial aggregates, which might affect the considered volumetric properties. Those variables are pan-granulator slopes and alkaline ratios (the ratios of Sodium Silicate to Sodium Hydroxide). The pan-granulator slopes were set at 3 different angles, i.e. 45o, 50o, and 55o. The selected alkaline ratios were 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, and 3.0. The test results indicated that the best volumetric properties were obtained at a slope of 500 and alkaline ratio of 2.5. The bulk specific gravity values at the best volumetric properties were found to be: 1) oven dry at 1.9 grams/cm3; 2) saturated surface dry (SSD) at 2.0 grams/cm3, and 3) apparent at 2.1 grams/cm3 with 6% water absorption. In addition, the interfacial transition zone and microstructure aggregates were examined by using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). In this study, it was found that there were effects of Na2SiO3/ NaOH ratios and the granulation method on the volumetric properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-235
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science Forum
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Artificial aggregates
  • Fly ash
  • Geopolymer
  • Granulation
  • Volumetric properties


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