Abstract

This research is aimed to reveal the kinetics of Cd 2+ and Pb 2+ leaching from fly ash geopolymer as a promising and sustainable method to solve the problems of heavy metals contamination. The geopolymer was made by using fly ash of PT. IMPOMI in East Java, Indonesia and the ratio of SiO2/Al2O3 = 6.5, Solid/Liquid (S/L) = 3.59 and Na2SiO3/NaOH = 2.5. A solution of Cd (NO3)2 or Pb(NO3)2 were added at 1,000, 4,000, 8,000 or 16,000 ppm relative to the weight of fly ash. Compressive strength test of geopolymers was carried out at the end of day 7 after curing the geopolymer mixture at room temperature. Leaching tests for the kinetics and mechanisms studies were carried using TCLP method by immersing the resulted geopolymers into 0.01 M acetic acid solution. The ratio of geopolymer mass to the volume of acetic acid solution was 1:25. ICP-OES was used to measure the leached Cd 2+ and Pb 2+ while SEM-EDS was used to study the morphology and heavy metal distribution on the polished geopolymer cross section. It was found that the compressive strength of Cd 2+ geopolymer was slightly higher than those of Pb 2+ -geopolymer. The strength of geopolymer decreased at higher concentration of heavy metal cations. The maximum strength (24.4 MPa) was shown by 4,000 ppm Cd 2+ geopolymer while SEM-EDX images showed that Cd 2+ and Pb 2+ were distributed uniformly from the surface to the core of geopolymers. The leaching test reveals that more than 99.5 % of Cd 2+ and Pb 2+ were retained by geopolymer while in depth kinetics investigation of both Cd 2+ and Pb 2+ leaching shows that the leaching rate follows the first order rate law with two step leaching processes. The first originates from cations at the surface followed by cations from the bulk of geopolymer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-240
Number of pages6
JournalChemical Engineering Transactions
Volume72
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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