The Measurement of Evacuation Effectiveness Regarding Dynamic Evacuation Routing System (DERS) in High-Rise Building Using Virtual Reality Simulation

Adithya Sudiarno*, Dito Abrar Amanullah, Reza Aulia Akbar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nowadays, the existing evacuation method for emergencies in a building still relies on exit signs and evacuation maps, which usually take longer for the victim to read thoroughly in the case of panic. Therefore, Dynamic Evacuation Routing System (DERS) is developed as a guiding evacuation system that comes in lines, and the lights are programmable to show the safest and shortest path to escape. We developed DERS with Virtual Reality (VR) as a training system tool. Three variables will be tested, namely DERS implementation, type of building, and the starting floor level. This quantification combined three methods: Presence Questionnaire (PQ), System Usability Scale (SUS), and usability matrix. It was suggested that DERS implementation was able to improve all results collectively with different building and starting floor levels as other significant factors affecting the results and the quality of the simulation were good for immersion level (3.90 out of 5.00) and decent for usability level (71.72 out of 100). Therefore, DERS implementation could improve evacuation effectiveness in the case of an emergency, and VR simulation has been successfully utilized as a medium for evaluating new evacuation systems using DERS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-122
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Safety and Security Engineering
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Emergency
  • evacuation
  • immersion
  • usability
  • virtual reality

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