Nowadays, the existing evacuation method for emergencies in a building still relies on exit signs and evacuation maps, which usually take longer for the victim to read thoroughly in the case of panic. Therefore, Dynamic Evacuation Routing System (DERS) is developed as a guiding evacuation system that comes in lines, and the lights are programmable to show the safest and shortest path to escape. We developed DERS with Virtual Reality (VR) as a training system tool. Three variables will be tested, namely DERS implementation, type of building, and the starting floor level. This quantification combined three methods: Presence Questionnaire (PQ), System Usability Scale (SUS), and usability matrix. It was suggested that DERS implementation was able to improve all results collectively with different building and starting floor levels as other significant factors affecting the results and the quality of the simulation were good for immersion level (3.90 out of 5.00) and decent for usability level (71.72 out of 100). Therefore, DERS implementation could improve evacuation effectiveness in the case of an emergency, and VR simulation has been successfully utilized as a medium for evaluating new evacuation systems using DERS.
|Number of pages
|International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering
|Published - Feb 2022
- virtual reality