The morphology of si-k-has composite prepared by spray drying

Srie Muljani*, Heru Setyawan, Ketut Sumada

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The silica potassium humic substance (Si-K-HAs) composite have been produced by spray drying successfully. In the previous studied the preparation of Si-K-HAs gel by precipitation method required the addition of acid so that Si-K-HAs gel product contains acid salts. This study was develope spray drying method in order to eliminate the use of acid. The mixture of potassium silicate, cellulose, and humic potassium solution was mixed with varying volume ratios and flowed into a spray dryer to produce Si-K-HAs powder. The used of cellulose (CMC) in this study acts as a homogeneous agent so that silica and humic substance can be completely mixed at controlled viscosity. Si-K-HAs products were characterized by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR), and Surface area analytical (SAA). The result showed that the Si-K-HAs composite prepared by spray dryers have spherical particles, SiO2 in the range of 48-50%, K2O in the range of 49-50%. The presence of cellulose caused the increasing of Si-K-HAs particle size from 17.30 µm (prepared without CMC) to 41.11 µm (prepared with the addition of 100g of CMC). The presence of cellulose can also increase the surface area of the spray-dried Si-K-HAs particles from 111.92 m2 g-1 to 163.241 m2 g-1.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFunctional Properties of Modern Materials II
Editors Darminto, Budhy Kurniawan, Risdiana, Isao Watanabe, Agustinus Agung Nugroho
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9783035714968
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event4th International Conference on Functional Materials Science, ICFMS 2018 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 13 Nov 201815 Nov 2018

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume966 MSF
ISSN (Print)0255-5476
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9752


Conference4th International Conference on Functional Materials Science, ICFMS 2018


  • Cellulose
  • Potasium humate
  • Potassium silicate
  • Spray dryier


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