As a second larger city in Indonesia, Surabaya is listed among highest crime rate city in this country. One of the prominent crime in Surabaya is a street crime. This is a type of crime that often occurs in in public spaces which can be experienced by anyone. One of the urban planner guideline in integrating spatial approach to prevent crime is defensible space theory, this research is deducting the theory as a variable as well as inducting variable that might vary between location to country. Using ethnographic approach, the interview was conducted with a crime offenders that later triangulate with the other conventional expert. This research found that there are two (2) types of space in each crime incident, which researcher defined as a action space and defense space. Action space consist of three types of space which are: the observation space, the execution space, and the escape space. Meanwhile, the defense space can be categorized as space that can be maintained positively and space that can be maintained neutral.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012035
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2019
Event2018 CITIES International Conference: Spatial Economic Transport Interaction for Sustainable Development - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 24 Oct 201825 Oct 2018


  • action space
  • crime
  • defensible space
  • spatial configuration


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