The uniformity concept of urban design: Impact of cultural traditions on the meaning of Balinese town

E. D. Mahira*, B. Soemardiono, E. B. Santoso

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


This study considers the conceptions of religion, tradition, and culture in the urban design process, to produce designs that become the identity of cities in Bali. A socio-semiotic approach is used to explore popular accounts of the conceptions of tradition operating in urban spatial arrangements from historical to contemporary periods. The case study in Gianyar City explores the meaning of urban space based on local wisdom that is still believed by Balinese people. Such exploration provides a basis for reconnecting urban designs with their cultural contexts, thereby promoting spatially expressed localism. Especially for Gianyar City, respect for religious systems, beliefs, and religions that have developed and are highly trusted by the public is expressed in symbolic elements that are embodied in the composition of space, and in fact, give rise to the concept of uniformity. This condition resulted in not achieving a more prominent urban cultural identity and being further damaged by the highly standardized process in the Indonesian planning system. However, the principles of religion and culture that are still alive make Balinese architecture alive, despite changing values, whether we realize it or not.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012017
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12 Nov 2021
Event2021 International Conference on Digital and Empathic Engagement in the New Era for Architecture and Civil Engineering, DEACE 2021 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 20 Aug 202121 Aug 2021


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