Theorizing security-pandemic aspects and variables for post-pandemic architecture

Sherly de Yong, Murni Rachmawati*, Ima Defiana

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


“Theorizing security-pandemic aspects and variables for post-pandemic architecture" refers to creating propositions and theory systems for the security-pandemic aspects and variables in the presence of pandemic and health issues and the consequences of changing hybrid activities within living-working space. COVID-19 has caused changes in architecture, especially in the context of the security pandemic. Architecture needs different strategies to help prevent disease in the future. A theorizing theory involves classification and interpreted terms, network analysis, and creating propositions and theories based on aspects and variables. The findings are 3 new interpretations of aspects, 14 sub-aspects of security-pandemic theory, and 23 security-pandemic variables that can be used as strategies in architecture design. The interconnection between aspects (dynamics, distancing, and living-working pattern), sub-aspects, and variables are connected regarding control, prevention, and deterring patterns for disease spread through person-to-person and media/surface-to-person. These findings will support future research in preventive measures in post-pandemic architecture, creating innovative building and green code certifications for security-pandemic theory or modifying the existing codes and green certifications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111579
JournalBuilding and Environment
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2024


  • Architecture
  • COVID-19
  • Hybrid
  • Interior
  • Pandemic
  • Security


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