Toll-like receptor 2 and lipoprotein-like lipoproteins enhance Staphylococcus aureus invasion in epithelial cells

Minh Thu Nguyen, Loulou Peisl, Francesca Barletta Solari, Arif Luqman, Friedrich Götz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus contains a certain subclass of lipoproteins, the socalled lipoprotein-like lipoproteins (Lpl's), that not only represent Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) ligands but are also involved in host cell invasion. Here we addressed the question of which factors contribute to Lpl-mediated invasion of epithelial cells and keratinocytes. For this purpose, we compared the invasiveness of USA300 and its Δpl mutant under different conditions. In the presence of the matrix proteins IgG, fibrinogen (Fg), and fibronectin (Fn), and of fetal bovine serum (FBS), the invasion ratio was increased in both strains, and always more in USA300 than in its Δlpl mutant. Interestingly, when we compared the invasion of HEK-0 and HEK-TLR2 cells, the cells expressing TLR2 showed a 9-times-higher invasion frequency. When HEK-TLR2 cells were additionally stimulated with a synthetic lipopeptide, Pam 3 CSK 4 (P3C), the invasion frequency was further increased. A potential reason for the positive effect of TLR2 on invasion could be that TLR2 activation by P3C also activates F-actin formation. Here we show that S. aureus invasion depends on a number of factors, on the host side as well as on the bacterial side.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00343-18
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume86
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HEK293
  • HaCaT
  • Host cell invasion
  • Invasion
  • Lipoprotein
  • Lpl
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • TLR2

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