Two-step advanced numerical approach for the design of low-cost unbonded fiber reinforced elastomeric seismic isolation systems in new masonry buildings

Ahmad Basshofi Habieb, Gabriele Milani*, Tavio Tavio

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In developing countries, masonry is generally employed in the construction of residential buildings due to its relatively cheap cost. However, these structures are often provided with inadequate seismic protection. A low-cost base isolation aimed at decreasing the seismic vulnerability of masonry buildings is studied in this work from a numerical standpoint. The studied isolator is an unbonded fiber-reinforced elastomeric isolator (UFREI). With fewer rubber pads than conventional isolators, the UFREI is a cheaper option. A 3D finite element analysis is performed to predict the behavior of the UFREI under large displacements. The isolation system is then implemented into a two-story masonry building prototype, where the 3D model of a single UFREI is substituted by a nonlinear spring and a damper. This simplification decreases the computational costs of the analysis. Seven scaled ground motions are applied to the numerical model to investigate the seismic performance of the isolated masonry building subjected to a maximum considered earthquake. Nonlinear dynamic analyses are performed in Abaqus, taking into account the two horizontal components of the seismic motion. Numerical results show an excellent isolation performance of the system, with a significant reduction of the inter-story drift and a suitable deformation of the UFREIs, as well as demonstrate that the simplified numerical approach adopted is useful for practical design and quick safety assessments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-396
Number of pages17
JournalEngineering Failure Analysis
Volume90
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Advanced FE modeling
  • Low cost seismic isolation
  • Masonry housing
  • Non-linear dynamic analyses
  • Rubber isolators

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