Using confirmatory factor analysis to evaluate the factor determining the bus usage in Surabaya City, Indonesia

A. F. Larasati, K. D.M.E. Handayeni*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Surabaya City is second biggest city in Indonesia which has a vital public transportation called as Suroboyo Bus. The city bus system provides route to connect the northern and southern part of the city with the central business district in the city centre. Policy of developing city bus system in north-south corridor aims to encourage the shifting of automobile to bus use as the traffic congestion is mainly caused by the high dependent of private mobility. The operation of Suroboyo Bus has been a concern because of the attractiveness of the quality with low deck and double-deck bus types, Suroboyo Bus also equipped a priority area, as well as a unique payment system with plastic bottle waste. This study aims to investigate the factors which influence the preference of Suroboyo Bus based on the user's perceptions. Thus, the city bus system can be evaluated to achieve sustainable city mobility. Using the method of Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), the result shows that there are nine significant factors determining the use of Suroboyo Bus. The city bus usage is mostly influenced by the user characteristic and the service performance of the mode offered.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012007
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 29 May 2021
EventCITIES 2020 International Conference: Bridging the Past and the Future of Urban Landscape in the Asia Pacific - Surabaya, Virtual, Indonesia
Duration: 15 Oct 202016 Oct 2020


  • CFA
  • City bus
  • Factor analysis
  • Sustainable transportation


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