Using GIS to Determine Tsunami Shelter Location in South Coast Pangandaran District, Pangandaran Regency, Indonesia

N. Nurwatik*, D. Setiawan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

The geographical condition of the Pangandaran Regency affects the coastal area, periodically suffering hydrological hazards. Based on the Regional Disaster Management Agency of Pangandaran, Pangandaran Regency experienced Tsunami with a run-up height of 8 to 15.7 meters in 2006. The Tsunami caused 664 people to die, many to be injured, and caused social environment disruption. Therefore, this research aims to support disaster mitigation by identifying additional shelter locations and generating evacuation routes sequentially. This research uses the network analyst method of Geographic Information System (GIS). The identification of evacuation shelters utilizes several parameters, e.g., tsunami hazard catchment area, land slope levels, land cover, and street network. In addition, the spatial analysis considers average travel time as the impedance to resemble the actual evacuation process. The result indicates that 11 evacuation shelters scattered over the study area were dominantly located in Pangandaran Village. Moreover, this research generates 24 evacuation routes from the incident location to each shelter. The closest shelters accessed 8 minutes from incidents 4 and 18 are shelters 3 and 9, respectively. On the contrary, the farthest shelter is shelter 9, with a maximum impedance of 22 minutes from incidents 14 and 15. Furthermore, the most appropriate shelters are shelters 2 and 8, considering the elevation height of 10 and 7 in the open space.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012048
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume1127
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event7th Geomatics International Conference, GEOICON 2022 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 26 Jul 2022 → …

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