Abstract

Calophyllum inophyllum is a mangrove plant species from the family of Calophyllaceae. It is a native of southern coastal India to Malesia, northern Australia, East Africa, and the Pacific Islands. It produces fruits at age of 7-58 years. Fruit and seed productions are 60-220 and 50-150 kg/tree/year, respectively. Most researchers were focused on conversion of C. inophyllum oil into biodiesel due to its high oil content. Therefore, the aim of this chapter is to discuss the production, refining, and utilization of C. inophyllum seed oil as well as its future perspective. Oil content (%) and yield (kg oil per ha) of several edible and non-edible oils were presented. The development of new refining techniques of C. inophyllum seed oil has gained increasing importance in the biodiesel and pharmaceutical industries, due to its content of economicallyvaluable compounds, the necessity of environmental friendly process, and energy security. There are several different methodologies of separation and purification for improving the quality of C. inophyllum oil purity (triacylglycerol), such as chemical, physical and batchwise solventsolvent extraction. Moreover, fatty acids in triacylglycerol (TAG) are the key factor for the quality of oil due to the cis and trans configuration. It is of great interest if new utilization of C. inophyllum seed oil is available. This oil may have a potential to be used as an edible oil after treatments. However, further clinical studies are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSeed Oil
Subtitle of host publicationProduction, Uses and Benefits
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages111-144
Number of pages34
ISBN (Electronic)9781536135619
ISBN (Print)9781536135602
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • C. inophyllum
  • Cis-trans configuration
  • Fatty acid
  • Refining
  • Triglyceride

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