8 Citations (Scopus)


Nanocellulose (NC) composite membranes containing novel ternary materials including NC, imidazole (Im), and mesoporous phosphotungstic acid (m-PTA) were successfully fabricated by a phase inversion method. The single-particle size of NC was 88.79 nm with a spherical form. A m-PTA filler with a mesopore size of 4.89 nm was also successfully synthesized by a self-assembly method. Moreover, the fabricated membrane NC/Im/m-PTA-5 exhibited the best performances towards its proton conductivity and methanol permeability at 31.88 mS cm−1 and 1.74 × 10−6 cm2 s−1, respectively. The membrane selectivity was 1.83

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14411-14421
Number of pages11
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2022


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