The utilization of Asymmetric stent for recovering atherosclerotic diseases, particularly non-symmetric obstruction, is a quite challenging breakthrough treatment. In terms of eccentric plaque, the non-uniform stiffness of arterial layer causes the increasingly complex issues of vulnerability. This study investigated the vulnerability of the interaction between the Asymmetric stent and the surrounding arterial layer using structural transient dynamic analysis in ANSYS. Four combinations of stent deployment, i.e. the Sinusoidal stent expanded by the offset balloon, the Sinusoidal stent expanded by the ordinary cylindrical balloon, the Asymmetric stent expanded by the offset balloon, and the Asymmetric stent expanded by the ordinary cylindrical balloon, are generated for this comparative study. Multilayer material properties from recent in vitro experiments are adopted for the surrounding arterial layer, such as a fibrous cap, lipid core, diseased-healthy intima, and diseased-healthy media. In order to address plaque vulnerability, the Cauchy stresses and Hencky strains are used for stress measure because of convenience in comparison with the uniaxial/biaxial tension test data. The location-specific threshold value from the diseased human carotid artery is adopted for rupture criteria. The simulation indicated that as regards the eccentric plaque, the plaque vulnerability is caused by the plaque shape and components rather than caused by the geometrical structure of the stent or balloon expansion method. Nevertheless, the non-symmetric inflation of balloon, which leads against the plaque, contributed to an increase in the vulnerability of fibrous cap of fibroatheroma plaque.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-322
Number of pages14
JournalBio-Medical Materials and Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • FEM
  • Tissue rupture
  • asymmetric
  • carotid artery stenting
  • eccentricity


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