Web-Based Geographic Information System Development of Hotspots Distribution for Monitoring Forest and Land Fires Using Leaflet JavaScript Library (Case Study: Ogan Komering Ilir Regency, South Sumatera)

Bangun Muljo Sukojo*, Diya Rochima Lisakiyanto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Forest and land fires are a disaster that occurs almost every year on Sumatra Island. Ogan Komering Ilir is one of the regencies in South Sumatra Province with a high number of hotspots causing forest and land fires every year. Prevention efforts are important to reduce the impact caused by forest and land fires on various aspects of life. One of them is by building a web-based Geographic Information System (WebGIS) for the distribution of hotspots as a form of early warning and detection system by utilizing VIIRS Nightfire (VNF) data from the remote sensing technology of the Suomi-NPP satellite which has Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) active sensors which have been processed with the Nightfire algorithm. The Leaflet JavaScript library plays an important role in adding to the functionality of WebGIS with a wide selection of available plugins and easy-to-read source code to make web-based spatial information more interactive. The prototype of WebGIS with the name OKIApi has been successfully developed and has several key features such as displaying information on the distribution of hotspots that have been classified by temperature; the priority level of firefighting areas and the vulnerability level of flammable areas based on the type of land cover; route to the hotspot or the fire department locations; a chart of the estimated burned area from the source footprint of hotspot; and a chart of the number of hotspots per day that have been classified by temperature. The percentage value of the web feasibility for the functionality test to 13 WebGIS features is 100% with a very good predicate, the usability test is 91.5% with a very good predicate, and the portability test on 18 web browsers applications is 100% with a very good predicate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012010
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume936
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2021
EventGeomatics International Conference 2021, GEOICON 2021 - Virtual, Online, Indonesia
Duration: 27 Jul 2021 → …

Keywords

  • Hotspot
  • Land and Forest Fire
  • Leaflet JavaScript
  • VIIRS Nightfire (VNF)
  • WebGIS

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