X-ray and high-resolution neutron diffraction studies on Nd x Y1-x Ba2Cu3O7-δ Superconductors

W. G. Suharta*, H. Mugirahardjo, S. Pratapa, D. Darminto, S. Suasmoro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


A synthesis of neodymium-substituted YBCO superconductor Nd x Y1-x Ba2Cu3O7-δ (x=0,0.25,0.5,0.75,1) has been done using a dissolved method in order to obtain homogeneous crystals and higher critical current density. The effects of the substitutions on the structural and magnetic properties of the superconductors after sintering at 970 â̂̃C have been examined. Crystallinity of the synthesized powders was confirmed using X-ray and high-resolution neutron diffraction (XRD and HRPD) techniques. Rietveld analyses for both diffraction data sets gave increasing lattice parameters with addition of Nd content and decreasing orthorhombicity. Such addition also caused a decrease in occupancy of the oxygen in the O(4) site. Further investigation using SQUID showed critical temperature of the superconductors between 90.9 and 92.0 K. The critical current density (J c ) was calculated from the magnetic hysteretic loop at 5 K as 40 kA cm-2 for Nd 0.25Y0.75Ba2Cu3O 7-δ sample and 100 kA cm-2 for Nd 0.5Y0.5Ba2Cu3O7-δ sample. We also found that increasing Nd content on the Nd x Y 1-x Ba2Cu3O7-δ superconductor samples can improve their resilience of superconductivity and critical current density.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3209-3214
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Dissolved method
  • Structure
  • X-ray and high-resolution neutron powder diffraction
  • YBCO superconductor
  • dc-susceptibility


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